Cross-border accessibility and local development in Portugal and SpainCross-border accessibility and local development in Portugal and Spain

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(Conference Proceeding)

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Conference: 13th World Conference on Transport Research
Year: 2013
Location: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
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One of de EU current major concerns is cross-border regional development, for obvious cohesion purposes. These regions are usually less dynamic socio-economically acting as bottlenecks, especially in European peripheral territories. Obviously, this is not an exclusive problem of the EU. The paper focuses on both sides of the Portuguese-Spanish border, using socio-economic data and accessibility data from both countries to study the development of this border area. It considers a Spatial Econometric Analysis, to produce statistical evidence on the relation between accessibility and development at a local scale. This type of analysis allows identifying territorial differences in the relationship between accessibility and cross border development. These differences must be taken into account in regional development strategies. Due to the size difference of Spanish municipalities, these were aggregated in ‘Comarcas’, similar to the Portuguese municipalities. All the units are included in statistical units (NUTIII) that are defined in the program for the Spanish-Portuguese Cross-Border area (INTERREG). A pilot study on the region of Raia Ibérica (one of the main Cross-Border Areas between Portugal and Spain) using a set of variables on population age, graduation characteristics, migrations, unemployment and accessibility (daily accessibility to main towns), is being analysed. This study will be applied to the entire Cross Border area between Portugal and Spain. After defining the database, a regression analysis to assess regional relationship between accessibility and development in cross border areas will be undertaken. A first step in the development of this study is the evaluation of some of the variables for a selected area, exploring the possibility of some autocorrelated variables. This exploratory analysis allows for the identification of local tendencies, in the behaviour of these variables, with statistical significance. A first group of results shows some of the main differences along the portuguese-spanish cross border region.

[/vc_column_text][vc_text_separator title=”Keywords” title_align=”separator_align_left” align=”align_center” color=”grey” style=”” border_width=”” el_width=””][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class=”” width=”1/6″][vc_btn title=”Cross-border regions” style=”modern” shape=”rounded” color=”grey” size=”xs” align=”center” i_align=”left” i_type=”fontawesome” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-adjust” i_icon_openiconic=”vc-oi vc-oi-dial” i_icon_typicons=”typcn typcn-adjust-brightness” i_icon_entypo=”entypo-icon entypo-icon-note” i_icon_linecons=”vc_li vc_li-heart” css_animation=”” button_block=”true” add_icon=”” i_icon_pixelicons=”vc_pixel_icon vc_pixel_icon-alert”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner el_class=”” width=”1/6″][vc_btn title=”Spatial autocorrelation” style=”modern” shape=”rounded” color=”grey” size=”xs” align=”center” i_align=”left” i_type=”fontawesome” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-adjust” i_icon_openiconic=”vc-oi vc-oi-dial” i_icon_typicons=”typcn typcn-adjust-brightness” i_icon_entypo=”entypo-icon entypo-icon-note” i_icon_linecons=”vc_li vc_li-heart” button_block=”true” add_icon=”” i_icon_pixelicons=”vc_pixel_icon vc_pixel_icon-alert”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_text_separator title=”Download” title_align=”separator_align_left” align=”align_center” color=”grey”][vc_icon type=”fontawesome” icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-download” icon_openiconic=”vc-oi vc-oi-dial” icon_typicons=”typcn typcn-adjust-brightness” icon_entypo=”entypo-icon entypo-icon-note” icon_linecons=”vc_li vc_li-heart” color=”custom” background_style=”” background_color=”grey” size=”xl” align=”left” css_animation=”” custom_color=”#c44044″ link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fwww.wctrs.leeds.ac.uk%2Fwp%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2Fabstracts%2Frio%2Fgeneral%2F2000.pdf||target:%20_blank”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/6″][vc_text_separator title=”First Author” title_align=”separator_align_center” align=”align_center” color=”custom” accent_color=”#c44044″][vc_column_text]
Maria J. Fontes

Maria J. Fontes

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Anabela Ribeiro

Anabela Ribeiro

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Jorge Silva

Jorge Silva

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[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row full_width=”” parallax=”” parallax_image=””][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_custom_heading text=”Cross-border accessibility and local development in Portugal and Spain” font_container=”tag:h2|text_align:center” google_fonts=”font_family:Montserrat%3Aregular%2C700|font_style:400%20regular%3A400%3Anormal”][vc_separator color=”custom” align=”align_center” border_width=”3″ accent_color=”#c44044″][vc_column_text]

(Comunicação em Conferência)

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Conferência: 13th World Conference on Transport Research
Ano: 2013
Localização: Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
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One of de EU current major concerns is cross-border regional development, for obvious cohesion purposes. These regions are usually less dynamic socio-economically acting as bottlenecks, especially in European peripheral territories. Obviously, this is not an exclusive problem of the EU. The paper focuses on both sides of the Portuguese-Spanish border, using socio-economic data and accessibility data from both countries to study the development of this border area. It considers a Spatial Econometric Analysis, to produce statistical evidence on the relation between accessibility and development at a local scale. This type of analysis allows identifying territorial differences in the relationship between accessibility and cross border development. These differences must be taken into account in regional development strategies. Due to the size difference of Spanish municipalities, these were aggregated in ‘Comarcas’, similar to the Portuguese municipalities. All the units are included in statistical units (NUTIII) that are defined in the program for the Spanish-Portuguese Cross-Border area (INTERREG). A pilot study on the region of Raia Ibérica (one of the main Cross-Border Areas between Portugal and Spain) using a set of variables on population age, graduation characteristics, migrations, unemployment and accessibility (daily accessibility to main towns), is being analysed. This study will be applied to the entire Cross Border area between Portugal and Spain. After defining the database, a regression analysis to assess regional relationship between accessibility and development in cross border areas will be undertaken. A first step in the development of this study is the evaluation of some of the variables for a selected area, exploring the possibility of some autocorrelated variables. This exploratory analysis allows for the identification of local tendencies, in the behaviour of these variables, with statistical significance. A first group of results shows some of the main differences along the portuguese-spanish cross border region.

[/vc_column_text][vc_text_separator title=”Palavras Chave” title_align=”separator_align_left” align=”align_center” color=”grey”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class=”” width=”1/6″][vc_btn title=”Cross-border regions” style=”modern” shape=”rounded” color=”grey” size=”xs” align=”center” i_align=”left” i_type=”fontawesome” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-adjust” i_icon_openiconic=”vc-oi vc-oi-dial” i_icon_typicons=”typcn typcn-adjust-brightness” i_icon_entypo=”entypo-icon entypo-icon-note” i_icon_linecons=”vc_li vc_li-heart” css_animation=”” button_block=”true” add_icon=”” i_icon_pixelicons=”vc_pixel_icon vc_pixel_icon-alert”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner el_class=”” width=”1/6″][vc_btn title=”Spatial autocorrelation” style=”modern” shape=”rounded” color=”grey” size=”xs” align=”center” i_align=”left” i_type=”fontawesome” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-adjust” i_icon_openiconic=”vc-oi vc-oi-dial” i_icon_typicons=”typcn typcn-adjust-brightness” i_icon_entypo=”entypo-icon entypo-icon-note” i_icon_linecons=”vc_li vc_li-heart” button_block=”true” add_icon=”” i_icon_pixelicons=”vc_pixel_icon vc_pixel_icon-alert”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_text_separator title=”Download” title_align=”separator_align_left” align=”align_center” color=”grey”][vc_icon type=”fontawesome” icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-download” icon_openiconic=”vc-oi vc-oi-dial” icon_typicons=”typcn typcn-adjust-brightness” icon_entypo=”entypo-icon entypo-icon-note” icon_linecons=”vc_li vc_li-heart” color=”custom” background_color=”grey” size=”xl” align=”left” custom_color=”#c44044″ link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fwww.wctrs.leeds.ac.uk%2Fwp%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2Fabstracts%2Frio%2Fgeneral%2F2000.pdf||target:%20_blank”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/6″][vc_text_separator title=”Primeiro Autor” title_align=”separator_align_center” align=”align_center” color=”custom” accent_color=”#c44044″][vc_column_text]
Maria J. Fontes

Maria J. Fontes

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Anabela Ribeiro

Anabela Ribeiro

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Jorge Silva

Jorge Silva

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