Sara ZorroSara Zorro

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Sara Zorro (Female, MSc, PhD Student), has a graduation in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Beira Interior (UBI), (Covilhã, Portugal) since 2012, and currently she is a PhD Student in Transport Systems at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) and medical student at UBI. Actually, since 2014, she is a research collaborator at the Institute for Research and Innovation in Civil Engineering for Sustainability (CERIS). The areas of scientific activity of Sara Zorro are Air Transport in general and Flight Safety and Accessibility in particular. She has published 2 articles in international journals with scientific referee, and more than 10 communications in proceedings of national and international conferences.

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Year Conference Title Authors
2016 14th WCTR Air Transport Constraints: Passengers with Reduced Mobility Sara Zorro, Rosario Macário & Jorge Silva
2016 20th ATRS World Conference Air Transportation: Perception and Impact of Passengers with Reduced Mobility Sara Zorro, Rosario Macário & Jorge Silva
2015 AIRDEV II Accessibility Constrains in Air Transportation Sara ZorroRosario Macário & Jorge Silva
2015 ICEUBI2015 Psychophysiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Luis Patrão, Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 ICEUBI2015 Airport Infrastructures and Persons with Reduced Mobility Sofia Gaspar, Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 ICEUBI2015 Airport Emergency Protocols for Passengers with Reduced Mobility: Constrains and Possible Solutions Claudia G. Pires, Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 14th TRANSED conference Constraints in the Airport Emergency Protocols for Passengers with Reduced Mobility Claudia G. Pires,  Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 14th TRANSED conference Acessibility Constraints in the Airport Terminal Facilities Sofia GasparSara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 14th TRANSED conference Acessibility Constraints in the Airport-Aircraft Transfer Sara ZorroRosario Macário & Jorge Silva
2015 3 EJIL Psychophysiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2014 18th ATRS World Conference Psychophysiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Ana CoelhoSara Zorro, Luis Patrão & Jorge Silva
2014 11th Annual Transports Study Group Conference Psychophysiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Ana CoelhoSara Zorro, Luis Patrão & Jorge Silva
2013 19th APDR Congress Light Aviation and Flight Safety: Monitoring System for Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Luis PatrãoSara Zorro, André MarquesAna CoelhoJorge Silva
2013 17th ATRS World Conference Pilots Performance and Flight Safety: Flight Physiological in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Luis PatrãoSara Zorro, André Marques, Ana CoelhoJorge Silva
2013 16th Meeting of the EWGT Light Aviation and Flight Safety: Physiological Parameters Monitorization Luis PatrãoSara Zorro, André MarquesAna CoelhoJorge Silva
2013 10th Annual Transports Study Group Conference Pilots Performance and Flight Safety: Flight Physiological in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2012 52nd ERSA Congress Light Aviation and Flight Safety: Monitoring System for Unpressurised  Cabins. Physiological Parameters Monitorization Sara Zorro, André Marques, Luis PatrãoJorge Silva & M. Castelo-Branco
2012 52nd ERSA Congress Light Aviation and Flight Safety: Monitoring System for Unpressurized  Cabins. Flight and Physiological Data Acquisition André Marques, Sara ZorroJorge Silva, Luis PatrãoM. Castelo-Branco
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Year Journal Vol. Issue Pages Title Authors
2016 Open Engineering 6 1 381tt384 Physiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Luís Patrão, Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 Journal of Air Transport Studies 6 1 1tt12 Pilots performance and flight safety: flight physiology in unpressurized aircraft cabins Luís Patrão, Sara Zorro, André Marques, Ana Coelho & Jorge Silva
2013 Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine 84 6 620tt624 Flight Physiology Training Experiences and Perpectives: Survey of 117 Pilots Luís Patrão, Sara ZorroJorge Silva, M. Castelo-Branco and J. Ribeiro
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Name: EFATraS – Environmentally-Friendly Aeronautical Transport Systems
Duration: 2013 to 2015
Participation: Scholarship 
Remarks: 4830 – CENTRO-07-ST24_FEDER-0020209
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Name: AIRDEV – Business Models for Airport Development Management
Duration: 2009 to 2012
Participation: Scholarship 
Remarks: Project (MIT-pt/TS-AAS/0046/2008) of I&D of FCT under the Program MIT-Portugal
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Name: CODIS – Controlo e Dinâmica de Sistemas Espaciais
Duration: 2010 to 2010
Participation: Scholarship 
Remarks: Project PTDC/CTE-SPA/64123/2006 from CAST – Centre for Aerospace Science and Technologies
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Name: DyCoSS 2 – Dynamics and Control of Space Systems
Duration: 2008 to 2009
Participation: Scholarship 
Remarks: Project from CAST – Centre for Aerospace Science and Technologies
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Pilots Performance and Flight Safety: Flight Physiology in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins

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Supervisor
Jorge Silva

Jorge Silva

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Programme: Flight Safety and Security
Year: 2012
Keywords: Light Aviation; Unpressurized and Unacclimatized Cabins; Physiological and Psychological Parameters; Safety Boundaries; Flight Conditions; Monitoring Systems.[/symple_column][symple_column size=”one-third” position=”first” class=””]
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Light aviation pilots are exposed to many different environmental situations due to the non-pressurized and non-acclimatized aircraft cabin. Some of those variations can push the human body to some limits, which associated with psychological factors may culminate in incidents or even fatalities. Actually, a literature review on this theme suggests that a significant part of the incidents and fatalities, within the light aviation that uses non-pressurized aircraft cabins, are related to the human factor. This analysis might bring up a concealed but significant and worrying phenomenon in terms of flight safety: changes of pilot performance in the amendment of psychological and physiological parameters, concerning to different stress levels and to pressure variations during the various flight stages, respectively. This may be a concerning situation due to the disparity of human body reaction between different pilots to the same flight conditions. Nature, both in terms of environmental factors, as pressure and temperature, or in human physiological and psychological behaviour, during the different flight phases, is unpredictable. Therefore, it is very difficult to establish safety boundaries.

This study general objective is to analyse the influence of flight environmental conditions and pilots psychophysiological parameters on task performance, during different flight situations, considering some of his everyday habits. To this end, a statistical analysis of a survey, regarding specific questions about the need for pilot’s attention monitoring systems, was made, and, in parallel, a portable and ergonomic monitoring system was built. This system equipment records cerebral oximetry, to study the hypoxia phenomenon and its importance, electrocardiography (ECG), and electroencephalography (EEG), in order to establish a correlation between the influence of mental workload and other physiological parameters during different flight stages.

The specific purpose of this study is to define physiological limits for each pilot, through simulation tests contemplating different flight scenarios, in order to create an on board alert system to prevent possible incidents.

With this research is also intended to suggest that a potential restriction on pilots licensing legislation for light aviation, within physiological limits definitions, would be a positive contribution to a safer flight environment.

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Flight Safety and Security Team leader

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Sara Zorro

Sara Zorro

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NIT Researcher Since: 2011
Programme: Flight Safety and Security
Email: sara.zorro@tecnico.ulisboa.pt
Phone Number: +351 275 329 710
[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text]Interest Areas:[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner el_id=””][vc_column_inner el_class=”” width=”1/3″][vc_btn title=”Air Transport” style=”modern” shape=”rounded” color=”grey” size=”sm” align=”center” i_align=”left” i_type=”fontawesome” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-adjust” i_icon_openiconic=”vc-oi vc-oi-dial” i_icon_typicons=”typcn typcn-adjust-brightness” i_icon_entypo=”entypo-icon entypo-icon-note” i_icon_linecons=”vc_li vc_li-heart” css_animation=”appear” button_block=”true” add_icon=”” i_icon_pixelicons=”vc_pixel_icon vc_pixel_icon-alert”][vc_btn title=”Accessibility” style=”modern” shape=”rounded” color=”grey” size=”sm” align=”center” i_align=”left” i_type=”fontawesome” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-adjust” i_icon_openiconic=”vc-oi vc-oi-dial” i_icon_typicons=”typcn typcn-adjust-brightness” i_icon_entypo=”entypo-icon entypo-icon-note” i_icon_linecons=”vc_li vc_li-heart” css_animation=”appear” button_block=”true” add_icon=”” i_icon_pixelicons=”vc_pixel_icon vc_pixel_icon-alert”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner el_class=”” width=”1/3″][vc_btn title=”Airports” style=”modern” shape=”rounded” color=”grey” size=”sm” align=”center” i_align=”left” i_type=”fontawesome” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-adjust” i_icon_openiconic=”vc-oi vc-oi-dial” i_icon_typicons=”typcn typcn-adjust-brightness” i_icon_entypo=”entypo-icon entypo-icon-note” i_icon_linecons=”vc_li vc_li-heart” css_animation=”appear” button_block=”true” add_icon=”” i_icon_pixelicons=”vc_pixel_icon vc_pixel_icon-alert”][vc_btn title=”Passengers with Reduced Mobility” style=”modern” shape=”rounded” color=”grey” size=”sm” align=”center” i_align=”left” i_type=”fontawesome” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-adjust” i_icon_openiconic=”vc-oi vc-oi-dial” i_icon_typicons=”typcn typcn-adjust-brightness” i_icon_entypo=”entypo-icon entypo-icon-note” i_icon_linecons=”vc_li vc_li-heart” css_animation=”appear” button_block=”true” add_icon=”” i_icon_pixelicons=”vc_pixel_icon vc_pixel_icon-alert”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner el_class=”” width=”1/3″][vc_btn title=”Flight Safety and Security” style=”modern” shape=”rounded” color=”grey” size=”sm” align=”center” i_align=”left” i_type=”fontawesome” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-adjust” i_icon_openiconic=”vc-oi vc-oi-dial” i_icon_typicons=”typcn typcn-adjust-brightness” i_icon_entypo=”entypo-icon entypo-icon-note” i_icon_linecons=”vc_li vc_li-heart” css_animation=”appear” button_block=”true” add_icon=”” i_icon_pixelicons=”vc_pixel_icon vc_pixel_icon-alert”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row full_width=”” parallax=”” parallax_image=””][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_separator color=”custom” align=”align_center” border_width=”3″ accent_color=”#c44044″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]

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Sara Zorro (Female, MSc, PhD Student), has a graduation in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Beira Interior (UBI), (Covilhã, Portugal) since 2012, and currently she is a PhD Student in Transport Systems at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) and medical student at UBI. Actually, since 2014, she is a research collaborator at the Institute for Research and Innovation in Civil Engineering for Sustainability (CERIS). The areas of scientific activity of Sara Zorro are Air Transport in general and Flight Safety and Accessibility in particular. She has published 2 articles in international journals with scientific referee, and more than 10 communications in proceedings of national and international conferences.

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Ano Conferência Titulo Autores
2016 14th WCTR Air Transport Constraints: Passengers with Reduced Mobility Sara Zorro, Rosario Macário & Jorge Silva
2016 20th ATRS World Conference Air Transportation: Perception and Impact of Passengers with Reduced Mobility Sara Zorro, Rosario Macário & Jorge Silva
2015 AIRDEV II Accessibility Constrains in Air Transportation Sara ZorroRosario Macário & Jorge Silva
2015 ICEUBI2015 Psychophysiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Luis Patrão, Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 ICEUBI2015 Airport Infrastructures and Persons with Reduced Mobility Sofia Gaspar, Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 ICEUBI2015 Airport Emergency Protocols for Passengers with Reduced Mobility: Constrains and Possible Solutions Claudia G. Pires, Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 14th TRANSED conference Constraints in the Airport Emergency Protocols for Passengers with Reduced Mobility Claudia G. Pires,  Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 14th TRANSED conference Acessibility Constraints in the Airport Terminal Facilities Sofia GasparSara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 14th TRANSED conference Acessibility Constraints in the Airport-Aircraft Transfer Sara ZorroRosario Macário & Jorge Silva
2015 3 EJIL Psychophysiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2014 18th ATRS World Conference Psychophysiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Ana CoelhoSara Zorro, Luis Patrão & Jorge Silva
2014 11th Annual Transports Study Group Conference Psychophysiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Ana CoelhoSara Zorro, Luis Patrão & Jorge Silva
2013 19th APDR Congress Light Aviation and Flight Safety: Monitoring System for Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Luis PatrãoSara Zorro, André MarquesAna CoelhoJorge Silva
2013 17th ATRS World Conference Pilots Performance and Flight Safety: Flight Physiological in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Luis PatrãoSara Zorro, André Marques, Ana CoelhoJorge Silva
2013 16th Meeting of the EWGT Light Aviation and Flight Safety: Physiological Parameters Monitorization Luis PatrãoSara Zorro, André MarquesAna CoelhoJorge Silva
2013 10th Annual Transports Study Group Conference Pilots Performance and Flight Safety: Flight Physiological in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2012 52nd ERSA Congress Light Aviation and Flight Safety: Monitoring System for Unpressurised  Cabins. Physiological Parameters Monitorization Sara Zorro, André Marques, Luis PatrãoJorge Silva & M. Castelo-Branco
2012 52nd ERSA Congress Light Aviation and Flight Safety: Monitoring System for Unpressurized  Cabins. Flight and Physiological Data Acquisition André Marques, Sara ZorroJorge Silva, Luis PatrãoM. Castelo-Branco
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Ano Revista Vol. Edição Páginas Titulo Autores
2016 Open Engineering 6 1 381tt384 Physiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Luís Patrão, Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 Journal of Air Transport Studies 6 1 1tt12 Pilots performance and flight safety: flight physiology in unpressurized aircraft cabins Luís Patrão, Sara Zorro, André Marques, Ana Coelho & Jorge Silva
2013 Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine 84 6 620tt624 Flight Physiology Training Experiences and Perpectives: Survey of 117 Pilots Luís Patrão, Sara ZorroJorge Silva, M. Castelo-Branco and J. Ribeiro
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Nome: EFATraS – Environmentally-Friendly Aeronautical Transport Systems
Duração: 2013 to 2015
Participação: Bolseira
Observações: 4830 – CENTRO-07-ST24_FEDER-0020209
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Nome: AIRDEV – Business Models for Airport Development Management
Duração: 2009 to 2012
Participação: Bolseira
Observações: Projecto (MIT-pt/TS-AAS/0046/2008) de I&D da FCT no Programa MIT-Portugal
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Nome: CODIS – Controlo e Dinâmica de Sistemas Espaciais
Duração: 2010 to 2010
Participação: Bolseira
Observações: Projecto PTDC/CTE-SPA/64123/2006 do CAST – Centre for Aerospace Science and Technologies
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Nome: DyCoSS 2 – Controlo e Dinâmica de Sistemas Espaciais
Duração: 2008 to 2009
Participação: Bolseira
Observações: Projecto do CAST – Centre for Aerospace Science and Technologies
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Pilots Performance and Flight Safety: Flight Physiology in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins

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Orientador
Jorge Silva

Jorge Silva

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Programa: Segurança de Voo
Ano: 2012
Palavras-chave: Aviação ligeira; Cabines não pressurizadas e não climatizadas; Parâmetros fisiológicos e psicológicos; Limites de segurança; Condições de voo; Sistema de monitorização.
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Os pilotos de aviação ligeira estão expostos a diferentes situações ambientais devido às cabines não pressurizadas e não climatizadas. Algumas dessas variações podem levar o corpo humano aos seus limites, que associados a fatores psicológicos podem culminar em incidentes ou até mesmo fatalidades. Na verdade, uma revisão da literatura sobre o tema sugere que uma parte significativa dos incidentes e acidentes neste tipo de aviação, estão relacionados com o fator humano. Esta análise pode revelar um fenómeno oculto, mas significativo e preocupante em termos de segurança de voo: as mudanças de desempenho dos pilotos aquando da alteração de parâmetros psicológicos e fisiológicos, referentes a diferentes níveis de stress e variações de pressão durante as diferentes fases do voo, respetivamente. Esta pode ser uma situação preocupante devido à disparidade da reação do corpo humano entre pilotos diferentes, para as mesmas condições de voo. A natureza, quer em termos de fatores ambientais, como a pressão e a temperatura, quer a nível de comportamento fisiológico e psicológico humano, durante as diferentes fases de voo, é imprevisível. Portanto, torna-se muito difícil estabelecer limites de segurança.

O objetivo geral deste trabalho consiste em analisar a influência das condições ambientais de voo e dos parâmetros psicofisiológicos do piloto sobre o desempenho de tarefas, durante situações de voo diferentes, considerando alguns dos seus hábitos quotidianos. Para este fim, foi feita uma análise estatística a um inquérito sobre questões específicas referentes à necessidade de sistemas de monitorização da atenção do piloto, e, em paralelo, foi construído um sistema portátil e ergonómico de monitorização. Este permite registar a oximetria cerebral, para estudar o fenómeno da hipoxia e a sua importância, ECG e EEG, a fim de se estabelecer uma correlação entre a influência da carga de trabalho mental e outros parâmetros fisiológicos, durante as diferentes fases de voo.

O objetivo específico deste estudo é definir os limites fisiológicos de cada piloto, por meio de testes de simulação de voo, contemplando cenários diferentes, a fim de criar um sistema de alerta a bordo para evitar possíveis incidentes ou acidentes.

Com esta investigação pretende-se também sugerir que uma eventual restrição na legislação referente ao licenciamento de pilotos de aviação ligeira, dentro das definições dos limites fisiológicos, seria uma contribuição positiva para um ambiente de voo mais seguro.

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Líder da equipa de Segurança de Voo

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Sara Zorro

Sara Zorro

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Investigadora do NIT desde: 2011
Programa: Segurança de Voo
Email: sara.zorro@tecnico.ulisboa.pt
Número de Telefone: +351 275 329 710
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